Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean females aged 19-79 years: the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related dilemmas

Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean females aged 19-79 years: the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related dilemmas

Eunji Choi

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Ha Na Cho

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Da Hea Seo

2 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Inha University class of Medicine, Incheon, Korea

Boyoung Park

3 Department of Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Sohee Park

4 Graduate Class of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Juhee Cho

5 Department of Clinical Research and Evaluation, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea

Sue Kim

6 University of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Yeong-Ran Park

7 Division of Silver Business, Kangnam University, Yongin, Korea

Kui Son Choi

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Yumie Rhee

8 Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine Research Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea



Whilst the prevalence of obesity in Asian ladies has remained stagnant, studies of socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Asian women can be scarce. This study aimed to look at the current prevalence of obesity in Korean females aged between 19 years and 79 years also to analyze socioeconomic inequalities in obesity.


Information were produced from the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related problems. The test that is chi-square logistic regression analysis were utilized to evaluate the associations between socioeconomic facets and obesity utilizing Asian standard human body mass index (BMI) categories: low ( 2 ), normal (18.5-22.9 kg/m 2 ), obese (23.0-24.9 kg/m 2 ), and overweight (≥25.0 kg/ m 2 ). As inequality-specific indicators, the slope index of inequality (SII) and general index of inequality (RII) had been determined, with adjustment for age and self-reported wellness status.


Korean ladies had been categorized into the after BMI categories: underweight (5.3%), normal fat (59.1%), overweight (21.2%), and overweight (14.4%). The SII and RII unveiled significant inequalities in obesity and only more urbanized women (SII, 4.5; RII, 1.4) and against of women have been very educated (SII, -16.7; RII, 0.3). Subgroup analysis revealed inequalities in obesity in accordance with home earnings among more youthful ladies and based on urbanization among ladies aged 65-79 years.


Clear academic inequalities in obesity existed in Korean ladies. Reverse inequalities in urbanization had been Minneapolis sugar daddy additionally obvious in older women. Developing methods to deal with the numerous noticed inequalities in obesity among Korean ladies may show needed for effortlessly decreasing the responsibility of the condition.


Obesity, that is increasing in prevalence internationally, is just a condition that is physical because of the accumulation of extortionate surplus fat, along with a number of other wellness impairments. Obesity happens to be discovered to adversely affect a broad spectral range of conditions, from non-communicable problems to psychological and social wellness, including diabetic issues, malignancies, depression, discrimination, yet others 1-4. The harmful consequences to be obese or overweight have been discovered become specially harmful in females, elevating risks for reproductive problems, psychological state conditions, and predominantly women’s cancers, such as for example endometrial and cancer of the breast 5-8.

Disparities in obesity prevalence have now been discovered to alter based on parameters showing variations in socioeconomic status, such as for example urbanization, training, and earnings amounts. Ladies surviving in urbanized areas and surviving in socioeconomically-deprived conditions have now been reported to show faster grows within the prevalence of obesity and overweight 9-13. Notwithstanding, the magnitude and way of effects of socioeconomic factors on inequalities in obesity might differ across nations 14-16. In the united states and europe, inequalities pertaining to obesity have actually generally speaking been well documented; obesity happens to be discovered become disproportionately more frequent among individuals with reduced quantities of training and earnings, residents of less urbanized areas, and the ones lacking usage of healthcare 10,15. On the other hand, although only some research reports have addressed socioeconomic inequalities in obesity in developing nations, most findings for those nations suggest contrasting outcomes education that is regarding earnings status (in other words., greater obesity prices in females with degree and home earnings) 16. In light regarding the link between a study that is prior socioeconomic facets affect obesity status in many ways that vary by nation, it is critical to think about exactly how these socioeconomic facets affect obesity to produce wellness advertising programs.

When you look at the Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea), the prevalence of obesity happens to be officially surveyed body that is using index (BMI) since 1998. The BMI that is mean for ladies slightly increased from 1998 to 2005 and stabilized from 2005 to 2014 17. Even though the general prevalence of obesity in females is gloomier than compared to males, Korean women avove the age of 65 years have actually greater obesity prices than males of a age 18 that is similar. Also, while BMI in Korean men slowly increases as we grow older, in Korean females, it sharply increases following the chronilogical age of 40 years and menopause 17. Also, inspite of the stable findings in the general prevalence of obesity among Korean females, an increase that is significant grade II obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m 2 ) from 1998 to 2014 happens to be recorded, particularly for females aged two decades to 59 years 17.

While obesity rates in Korea are significantly less than those of other Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development nations, socioeconomic inequalities in obesity continue being a point of discussion 10. Outcomes from past studies, but, mirror outdated data 10,19 and offer incomplete conclusions on inequality becausage of the usage of restricted inequality indicators 19. For the part that is most, those studies used traditional logistic analyses or direct easy comparisons of rate distinctions (extra danger) or ratios between your greatest and cheapest socioeconomic teams. But, the original approach of comparing extreme groups in the socioeconomic range fails to consider modifications throughout the complete selection of socioeconomic teams. In this research, we used the slope index of inequality (SII) in addition to general index of inequality (RII), that are regression-based measures of wellness status across all ranges of each and every socioeconomic element 20. Moreover, although past papers emphasized the discrepancies of obesity habits by sex, they centered on explaining mechanisms of obesity in Korean adult males as a result of the higher prevalence of obesity in men 10,19.

Therefore, in this research, we aimed to report the prevalence of obesity among Korean adult ladies aged 19 years to 79 years making use of present data that are nationally representative. We additionally desired to research associations between socioeconomic facets and obesity in Korean females. In specific, we examined current socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean ladies in accordance with home earnings, training degree, and urbanization (location of residence) via absolute and general indicators specialized for inequality analysis.

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